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Phenomenography, Variation Theory and Learning Study

Teaching and learning in educational contexts – from pre school to tertiary education – related to specific contents, is the shared object of study for this area of interest.

The activities of the group is based on four decades of research about learning and the development of the phenomenographic research approach as well as its theoretical counterpart, variation theory (see Marton & Booth, 1997; Marton & Tsui, 2004).

In the research we address questions concerning how to create improvement for learning. We start from the premise that there are some necessary conditions for learning to be possible. What these conditions are and how they can be realized in different educational situations, taking the goal of learning into account, is the focus of our interest.

Much of the research is developed in collaboration with teachers, primarily through learning studies (Marton & Pang, 2006).

The research approach has attracted wide interest among academics and teacher professionals, both nationally and internationally.


More information and contact

Åke Ingerman
Phone: +46 (0)31 786 2637
Personal profile

Angelika Kullberg
Phone: +46 (0)31 786 2067
Personal profile

Joakim Magnusson, secretary


Contact Information

Phenomenography, Variation Theory and Learning Study

Department of Pedagogical, Curricular and Professional Studies, PO Box 300, SE 405 30 Gothenburg

Visiting Address:
Pedagogen Hus B, Läroverksgatan 15

+46 (0)31 786 0000

Page Manager: Johanna Gunnarsson|Last update: 3/2/2017

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